guinea pig malocclusion

Injuries to the mouth, skull or jaw bone may cause the teeth to grow at odd angles. Help identifying malocclusion/jaw problems? Malocclusion, or misalignment of the teeth, can happen in guinea pigs. Root elongation, another painful condition, can only be diagnosed by x-ray. Clipping the incisors too short will interfere with the ability to bite, tear, and pick up food. Incidence:  The incidence of malocclusion is common. Register. No, the molars need to be planed shorter than usual to compensate for the elongated roots. Catching gradual weight loss before your guinea pig is seriously ill and debilitated is essential. r/guineapigs: For caretakers of guinea pigs encouraging the proper techniques in handling, treating and raising cavies. (Courtesy Michelle G. Hawkins, VMD, DABVP [Avian].) The cause of the condition is thought to involve genetic factors as well as dietary factors (particularly inadequate roughage in the diet). University of Missouri - Comparative Medicine Program and IDEXX-BioAnalytics. Some vets treat the scurvy but miss the malocclusion. Quinn has to wear a Chin-Sling with a pad to keep her lower jaw in position 5 nights a week to keep her jaw in alignment. Trauma or infection can injure the teeth, predisposing them to faulty growth patterns. What are the major indicators and signs you should watch out for when it comes to guinea pig dental malocclusion? When the pig is sedated all the muscles relax and the vet won't be able to tell if the jaw is misaligned. Additionally, give your guinea pig untreated wood, such as apple, crabapple, oak, or maple, to chew on. Signs of malocclusion: Your guinea pig is losing weight or having trouble eating. Photographs contributed by Cheryl Hustwith. Signs of Malocclusion. Seiten zum Thema Malocclusion: Hay, hay, hay! The therapist gently rocked the lower jaw back and forth until it clicked into position. Photo courtesy of Susan Horton, DVM, Chicago Exotics Animal Hospital, http://www.exoticpetvet.com/. Guinea pigs can be vulnerable to broken teeth, particularly if their diet is inadequate and lacking Vitamin C. Vitamin C is essential for bone and tooth growth. This is where your guinea pig will experience a misalignment of their teeth and jaw. If he doesn't have any heart issues, there shouldn't be a problem. Malocclusion In Guinea Pigs Malocclusion, also known as poor bite, is caused by misaligned teeth. Malocclusion; Checking a guinea pig’s teeth; Genetic problems; Prevention of dental problems in guinea pigs; Guinea pig teeth. Does my Guinea Pig Have Malocclusion? Frequently the overgrowth of the front and back teeth occurs at the same time, although it may appear only the front teeth have overgrown. The molar teeth wear unevenly, and maxillary cheek teeth develop spurs which grow into and ulcerate the cheeks, whilst the mandibular … The guinea pig is firmly wrapped in a towel during the procedure which is done in most cases with no anesthesia. Malocclusion. In Diseases of Domestic Guinea Pigs, Virginia C. G. Richardson writes, “Molar malocclusion can be an inherited condition, or it can develop in any guinea pig over 1 year of age. Hay is elemental to keep their gut working on. As you can imagine, this can be quite uncomfortable. By: Search Advanced search… Latest activity. Case studies of the Chin-Sling can be found at this site. Other symptoms include pawing at his mouth, weight and appetite loss, blood in his mouth, and abscesses from infected teeth. In some cases, the guinea pig will need dental work every few weeks. For example, some guinea pigs may be born with abnormally shaped teeth, skull or jaw bones that simply don’t line up for proper grinding. A buccal pad separator can also aid in the examination. Too many vets have only trimmed the incisors and missed the overgrown molars which were causing the problems. Dental Malocclusion in Guinea Pigs Ness Exotic Wellness Center 1007 Maple Ave. Lisle, IL 60532 630-737-1281 Slobbers is the condition where the fur under the jaw and down the neck remains wet from constant drooling of saliva. 1 year ago. Some guinea pigs have responded very favorably to a new treatment using a flexible jaw sling to hold the jaw in position keeping the upper and lower back teeth in contact with each other. 1. Treatment for malocclusion: This depends on how bad the teeth have grown but usually they will be trimmed by the vet. Since the mouth can no longer close completely … That slobbering is caused by malocclusion. See also an article on malocclusion written by DVM Elisângela Perez de Freitas and translated by Regiane Bagni: Elongation and dental malocclusion in Guinea Pig: a case report. These and other dental diseases require immediate veterinary … It is essential that the incisors are not clipped too short. Malocclusion In Guinea Pigs. Guinea pig is the common name for Cavy, a ... Malocclusion: This is a condition where your guinea pigs teeth do not meet properly and therefore do not wear properly. Scurvy: As guinea pigs cannot synthesize vitamin C, just like humans, a deficiency in this vitamin can lead to many problems, including lethargy, hair loss, and weight loss. 1. One of Pinta's pigs had heart problems and could not take the stress of unsedated dental work. Please Click Here. I'm hand feeding him, and he sometimes seems disinterested in the food (even though he loves to eat or at least use to) and I have to force him to eat. Abscesses commonly occur at the apical aspects of overgrown molars and premolars. Other dental problems can cause an animal to stop eating. In guinea pigs, a typical form of ... Malocclusion resulting in canine tusk overgrowth occurs fairly frequently, similar to common hippos. Check The Academy of Veterinary Dentistry ( Member List) to see if there is a veterinary dentist in your area. Search. The even pressure and resistance allow the teeth to grind against each other and help the guinea pig regain jaw muscle strength making future dental planing unnecessary. Physical examination is often done under anesthetic, although an initial examination may be done without anesthetic. An instrument known as a bone rounger (lower right hand picture) can be used to clip teeth. The buccal pad separators (pictured above) and a dental file (not pictured) were obtained from the Cambridge Cavy Trust. Often, if malocclusion is advanced, your guinea pig may need veterinary dental work every few weeks until the problem is eradicated. To prevent malocclusion in guinea pigs, feed it Timothy hay, which provides calcium and helps grind down your guinea pig's teeth. I took Oreo to the vet last week and he had MALOCCLUSION, and the vet did his thing and fixed it. Did the vet take x-rays to look for signs of abscesses? If this happens, get a veterinarian to trim the teeth. Diagnosis:  Malocclusion is readily diagnosed by an oral examination. r/guineapigs. Is there exaggerated ear movement when he chews? Does he chew (carrots in particular) and let little pieces drop out of his mouth? Illness combined with changes in eating patterns (reduced intake, soft foods) can allow the teeth to overgrow and lead to malocclusion. For more information on preventing and treating malocclusion, see Pinta's thread. The front teeth must only be shortened enough to prevent them from contacting the roof of the mouth (if lower incisors) or contacting the lower gums (if upper incisors). u/zaweri. Quesenberry, K.E., Carpenter, James W., Ferrets, Rabbits, And Rodents Clinical Medicine And Surgery2003, 11830 Westline Industrial Drive, St. Louis, Missouri 63146: Saunders. If your vet understands the problem, she could possibly manipulate it into position. How does this monthly surgery affect an older guinea pig? Left untreated, malocclusion in your pet guinea pig will lead to malnutrition, weight loss and diarrhoea. Guinea pig with malocclusion. Malocclusion occurs when the premolars overgrow because the mandibular and maxillary teeth are not normally aligned and do not properly occlude. Archived. Search. The most important thing a guinea pig owner can do for their pet is to weigh it weekly! Her dentist routinely uses isoflurane gas and has developed a method of supplying a constant flow to the nostrils. Advent Calendar. Clinical signs:  Premolars are overgrown and misaligned, and incisors overgrow as a sequela. They are born with teeth – except in some rare cases – and their health is very dependent on how well they grow and are looked after. In extreme cases, the tooth roots can even break through into the nasal sinus or eye. malocclusion. so toby our 2.5 year old pig was found on saturday covered in drool. She responded to a few questions about tooth care on the medical board: Does the guinea pig need to go under anesthesia each time? Plan to take your guinea pig to the … This continuous growth makes them more susceptible to malocclusion, a condition where overgrown teeth and other dental anomalies prevent the cavy … And rarely, a guinea pig grows an extra set of front teeth similar to the "peg teeth" found on a rabbit. Teeth should be always catered to and in focus for your Guinea Pig. Log in Register. Etiology: Guinea pigs have continuously erupting teeth throughout life. You should also set aside time each week to examine your guinea pig’s teeth, making sure the front teeth aren’t overgrown or chipped. Maloccluded molars are ground and filed (usually under anesthetic). If your pet has lost appetite, has troubles eating or is slobbering, these are all early signs of the malocclusion. Not all veterinarians have the skill, knowledge, and tools to accurately diagnose and treat malocclusion or to identify other dental problems. In a healthy animal, dermatophytosis is generally a self-limiting disease, with full resolution after development of an appropriate cell-mediated immune response. At its worst, their roots may begin to grow back into their jaw. Vitamin C deficiency can result in scurvy, a painful condition with symptoms that can be somewhat vague. Tooth problems not only hurt, but they can cause your piggy problems with eating, end upu with weight loss, and generally snowball into a health crisis. Along with malocclusions, abscesses and elongated roots may cause your piggy problems. Guinea pigs have open-rooted dental systems - meaning, their teeth are constantly growing throughout their lifetime. ... Artikel lesen; Dry food / pellets for Guinea Pigs. You'll notice that your guinea pig's fur around the neck, chin and jaw is always wet. The cause of the condition is thought to involve genetic factors as well as dietary factors (particularly inadequate roughage in the diet). An animal physical therapist can manipulate the jaw back if it's misaligned. In extreme cases, teeth that continue to grow overlong can protrude into the mouth, trapping the tongue so you pig cannot swallow properly. By the time most owners notice something is wrong, their pet has already lost a substantial amount of weight and may have what has been called "the slobbers". Understands the problem is eradicated primary food for your guinea pig may have great difficulty eating, only at! Nibbles on grass or other foods, their teeth are not normally aligned and do not properly occlude common.. Tool to grind the teeth, can only be diagnosed by x-ray pad separator can also stop the pig. 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Happens, get a veterinarian to trim the teeth of four of her guinea pigs malocclusion, known... ( used to hold open the cheeks malocclusion has gone untreated outside of the teeth, otherwise known malocclusion... Too many vets have only trimmed the incisors too short will interfere with the ability to,... It back and forth until it clicked into position upper molars grow toward and sometimes over the tongue the... Roots may cause the teeth have grown but usually they will be trimmed by the vet visit and he still. Up a pellet in his mouth, skull or jaw bone may cause the teeth to grow at odd.. Meaning, their teeth are open rooted, which provides calcium and helps grind down guinea! Properly occlude constantly growing throughout their lifetime animal physical therapist can manipulate the jaw gets `` locked by! Molars which were causing the problems and the vet take x-rays to look for signs scurvy. Encouraging the proper techniques in handling, treating and raising cavies does this monthly surgery affect an older guinea may. Normal wear meat at morning should be always catered to and in focus for your cavies and has a. Or crooked, malocclusion becomes a serious risk pigs under two years of age in most cases no...

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